Palazzo di Venezia and Bazilica San Marco
Through the palace rooms have passed cardinals, ambassadors of foreign powers in the past, Mussolini and members of the Grand Council of Fascism. Construction of the palace began in 1455, in command of Pietro Barboi and continued until the beginning of the sixteenth century, but the palace remained unfinished. The first major civil work of Renaissance looks deliberately severe: on the façade directed to the front of Venezia market, with battlements Guelfa and, at the bottom with an elegant portal equipped with marble architraves.
Today it houses the museum with the same name, dedicated to applied arts.
Pope Paul II, who ‘sponsored’ Palazzo di Venezia nearby, chose especially as the palace chapel the San Marco Basilica, founded by Paul I in honor of Mark the Evangelist, in 336, and rebuilt in 833 by Gregory IV. Adapting the old place of worship consisted of restoring the façade, made of a portico with three arches on small columns and above, made of pieces of marble taken from Colosseum and the Theatre of Marcellus.
Portal, attributed to Isaiah of Pisa and decorated with crest Paul II, allows access to inside that keeps a few items both from the fourth century, and the reconstruction of the ninth century, as it was changed again, in a baroque style, in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Ceiling, with wonderful golden cassettoni on a blue background, was realized by Marco and Giovannino of ‘Dolci, the one of those days in Rome, along with the one of Santa Maria Maggiore church. Tomb of Leonardo, work of Pesaro de Antonio Canova is oriented towards the gardens, in the apse whom glow the mosaics, commissioned by Pope Gregory IV. A small museum is located in the sacristy, where the frescoes in the altar are being preserved and that were made by Mino da Fiesole and Giovanni Dalmatian and a fragment of a fresco belonging to the Pietro Cavallini’s school.