St. Peter’s Cathedral, Vatican City
Situated on the right bank of the Tiber River and west of central Rome, the Cathedral is the center of attraction and heart of the Vatican State.
It is accessible through the Via della Conciliazione, but the mystical significance of the building is unparalleled in the world, because it was built on the tomb of the Apostle Peter, and at the building construction took part the most valuable Italian artists of the sixteenth century.
Sf.Peter Cathedral is the largest in the world. The top place is overshadowed only by more recent construction on the Ivory Coast, St. Virgin, which was finished in 1990.
St. Peter was the leading personality of the Catholic Church because he is considered “Stone Rock” that lies at the church base founded by Jesus Christ. Also, St. Peter was the first Pope of Christendom. Peter has earned a reputation of Saint because of the many acts of cruelty that he was submitted by the Roman dictators, especially by Nero. In order to make an idea of cruelty acts of persecution of Christians under the dictatorship of Nero, we must tell you that Apostle Peter was crucified upside down. He found his peace in the tomb in the capital of the Roman Universal Empire. His grave became a place of pilgrimage for
Christianity throughout the world. The first king who helped strengthen Christianity in the Empire was Constantine the Great. He raised the first building on the tomb of St. Peter – a basilica in the Byzantine style, which lasted 1,000 years. In 1450, Pope Nicholas V decided to build a new church in place of the Byzantine king’s one. But five years later, construction of the new institution of worship was discontinued at his death. These works were resumed, and restarted repeatedly, so that the building was only completed 170 years later. By 1506, the architect Bramante designed a cathedral dome, but the project failed after his death. A few years later, in 1514, Raffeello continued the work, but death occurred in 1520 ended the works for about 20 years.
Craftsmen who remained did not include the building of the dome which was dropped. The dome was replaced with elements of Gothic architecture, and after 1456, Michelangelo, aged 71, took over the construction. Unfortunately, he also failed in having the work completed, but he gave an important attention to the dome implementation, being “touched by the love of God, the Virgin Mary and St. Peter”. The nave of the cathedral was erected much later, by the way and the frontispiece, which were built in baroque style and separated by pillars. This makes different parts of the building over time be great if you look at them separately. However, the cathedral does not look like a work unit
On November 18, 1626, Pope Urbanus VII consecrated the church. The construction of the market in front of the church was done without any burdens. It is bordered by columns, made by architect Bernini and frames statues of saints. Each area of the St. Peter’s Cathedral can be visited, and from the upper balcony of the dome you can see wonderful views of the Italian capital. It can also be seen excavations made under the altar and the old cemetery, which was under the basilica built by Constantine the Great. A tombstone reminds that the grave of St. Peter is also found in this cemetery, but archaeological evidence are lacking.
The effect it produces on its visitors is indescribable. First, impressive size, interior height of 189 meters and rich ornamentation are overwhelming, and the attraction is blinding.